The IIT brain drain


Ranjan Crasta

10 reads

Ranjan Crasta

10 reads

A recent working paper by the US-based National Bureau of Economic Research highlights just how significant India’s brain drain problem is, especially when it comes to graduates of the prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology.

June 16, 2023


The Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) is one of India’s most competitive exams. Each year, upwards of a million students attempt it, all in the hopes of getting into some of India’s most prestigious engineering colleges. The most prominent of these, of course, are the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs).

Getting into an IIT, however, is a Herculean task. While the number of IITs has risen from 5 to 23, there are still only around 11,000 seats up for grabs in total. Only around 1.1% of JEE aspirants, therefore, actually make it into these hallowed institutions.

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